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The Influence of Parental Involvement in School

Title: The Influence of Parental Involvement in School


Parental involvement in a child’s education plays a crucial role in their academic success and overall development. When parents actively participate in their child’s school life, it creates a supportive environment that fosters learning and growth. This article explores the substantial influence parental involvement has on a child’s educational journey, highlighting the benefits it brings and how it can be effectively implemented.

1. Academic Achievement

Research consistently indicates that children with involved parents tend to perform better academically. The positive influence of parental involvement can be observed across various educational levels, from early childhood education to post-secondary studies. Students with engaged parents are more likely to demonstrate greater motivation, improved attendance, better grades, and higher rates of graduation.

Parental involvement has been found to enhance children’s study habits, as parents can monitor their progress, provide guidance, and encourage a positive attitude towards learning. Parent-teacher partnerships, where parents and educators work collaboratively, also contribute to improved academic outcomes.

– Hill, N.E., & Tyson, D.F. (2009). Parental involvement in middle school: a meta-analytic assessment of the strategies that promote achievement. Developmental Psychology, 45(3), 740-763.
– Hoover-Dempsey, K.V., & Sandler, H.M. (1997). Why do parents become involved in their children’s education? Review of Educational Research, 67(1), 3-42.

2. Social and Emotional Development

When parents actively participate in their child’s school life, they not only contribute to academic success but also promote social and emotional development. Involvement in school activities such as parent-teacher conferences, volunteering, and attending extracurricular events fosters a sense of community and belonging.

Parental involvement provides opportunities to strengthen the parent-child bond and build positive relationships with teachers and peers. This support system plays a critical role in shaping a child’s self-esteem, developing social skills, and promoting emotional well-being. Furthermore, parental involvement can reduce the likelihood of behavioral problems and school dropout rates.

– Hill, N.E., & Craft, S.A. (2003). Parent-school involvement and school performance: mediated pathways among socioeconomically comparable African American and Euro American families. Journal of Educational Psychology, 95(1), 74-83.
– Desforges, C., & Abouchaar, A. (2003). The impact of parental involvement, parental support, and family education on pupil achievements and adjustment: A literature review. DfES Research Report No. 443. London: Department for Education and Skills.

3. Improved Communication and Collaboration

Parental involvement fosters open lines of communication between parents, teachers, and students. Regular contact, through meetings or digital platforms, allows parents to stay informed about their child’s progress and address any concerns promptly. Effective communication ensures that parents are actively involved in decision-making processes regarding their child’s education.

Parent-teacher partnerships enable them to work collaboratively towards the common goal of ensuring the child’s success. Regular feedback and updates facilitate a more personalized learning experience tailored to the child’s strengths and weaknesses. It also allows parents to share valuable insights about their child’s unique needs and abilities.

– Jeynes, W.H. (2005). A meta-analysis of the relation of parental involvement to urban elementary school student academic achievement. Urban Education, 40(3), 237-269.
– Fantuzzo, J., Tighe, E., & Childs, S. (2000). Family Involvement Questionnaire: A multivariate assessment of family participation in early childhood education. Journal of Educational Psychology, 92(2), 367-376.

4. Long-term Benefits

The influence of parental involvement extends beyond the immediate academic success of a child. It has long-term benefits that impact their overall well-being. When parents actively participate in their child’s education, they instill a sense of value and importance in the pursuit of knowledge. This mindset encourages lifelong learning and sets a positive example for the child’s own commitment to education.

Furthermore, parental involvement helps students develop essential life skills such as time management, organization, and problem-solving. As parents actively support their child’s educational journey, they provide them with the necessary tools to navigate future challenges, build resilience, and succeed in their chosen paths.

– Emerson, L., Fear, J., Fox, S., & Sanders, E.R. (2012). Parental engagement in learning and schooling: Lessons from research. A report by the Australian Research Alliance for Children and Youth (ARACY) for the Family-School and Community Partnerships Bureau.
– Fan, X., & Chen, M. (1999). Parental involvement and students’ academic achievement: A meta-analysis. Educational Psychology Review, 11(1), 1-22.


Parental involvement is a powerful force that significantly impacts a child’s educational journey. It enhances academic achievements, nurtures social and emotional development, fosters effective communication and collaboration, and provides long-term benefits. As schools and parents recognize the importance of this partnership, it is crucial to create opportunities and platforms that actively engage parents in their child’s education. The key lies in recognizing the strengths, skills, and expertise that each party brings to the table, working together to maximize the potential for every child’s success.

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